Cambodian culture and history


Cambodia, South-East Asia, is bordered by Laos to the northeast, Vietnam to the south and east, Thailand to the northwest, and the Gulf of Thailand, South west.

The recent history of Cambodia is marked by the reign of terror by Pol Pot in the 1970s. Sihanouk's deposition (head of state since 1960) by Lon Hol, supported by the United States, provoked an uprising of the Khmer Rouge led by Pol Pot. It is April 17, 1975 that Pol Pot and his Khmer Rouge army entered Phnom Penh.
This was the beginning of a reign of terror that was nearly two million people. Pol Pot sought to create an agrarian society cut of capitalism. The new policy gave results caused a devastating famine in the country.
Pol Pot's reign ended in 1979, thanks to an intervention by the Vietnamese army. The latter remained in Cambodia until 1989. Today, Cambodia is difficult these years of horror. Although we try to rebuild the country, the situation remains precarious.

Cambodia has an area of ​​181,035 km ² and has a population of 10.3 million inhabitants (in 1995) is divided into 17 provinces (Khet). The capital Phnom Penh is the largest city.
The average temperature varies between Cambodia 20 º C and 32 º C.The hottest month of the year is April with the temperature of 35 º C, the coldest month is January, the temperature can down to 10 º C.

Cambodia is a predominantly agricultural country. The main crop is rice. The freshwater fishing is an important economic resource. The productivity of the Tonle Sap River is the highest in the world. The great fishing season is December, January and February.

A picturesque landscape feature is the Khmer presence in almost all the countries of palm sugar or "Thnot". This plan is a tropical, trunk consisting of a straight or slightly curved, it can reach twenty (20) meters high. Its bark is ridged and plume round fins stiff, olive-green. These fins are used for the construction of houses, the trunk provides beams, joists and floorboards and Where it is hollow, serves as a means of craft.


Cambodia has a soul which is such that momentum just your thoughts to the land of sun, to the ancient monuments whose beauty (7th wonder of the world) sleeps in the heart of the virgin forest, the delicate flowers ains that the smiling faces of the people.

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